Discover the beauty of Hatiora rosea, an enchanting cactus with its striking rose-colored flowers and distinctive jointed stems. Also known as Rhipsalidopsis rosea or Schlumbergera rosea, this unique plant adds a touch of elegance to any space. Originally an epiphyte, Hatiora rosea has now become a popular choice for foliage enthusiasts worldwide. In this article, we will delve into the care and propagation of this captivating cactus, providing you with the knowledge to nurture and propagate these lovely plants successfully.
Hailing from the tropical rain forests of south-eastern Brazil, Hatiora rosea thrives in a lush environment, typically finding its place on tree trunks. However, with its adaptability, these cacti can also be found growing on rocky ground. In the wild, the Hatiora species graces us with its presence in the spring, occasionally even blessing us with a second blooming within the same year. The fragrant, pink flowers of Hatiora rosea are funnelform and reach up to an impressive 1.6 inches (4 cm) in length and diameter.
Whether you’re a seasoned plant lover or new to the world of cacti and succulents, this article will provide invaluable insights into the care and propagation of Hatiora rosea. Embark on a journey filled with plant care tips and propagation techniques, and unlock the secrets to successfully nurturing and multiplying these magnificent cacti in your own plant kingdom. Join us as we explore the wonders of Hatiora rosea and inspire you to transform your green space into a blooming sanctuary.
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How To Care For Hatiora rosea
As we have already discussed, Hatiora rosea is originally from the tropical and semi-tropical rainforests of Brazil. In nature, these epiphytic succulents grow on trees and rocks and they prefer the semi-shade as opposed to direct sunlight preferred by the cacti growing in the arid desert region. The ideal conditions for the growth of the Hatiora rosea are a well-lit, humid area away from direct sunlight.
Since the Hatiora rosea are more prevalent in tropical and semi-tropical forests, they require regular watering. It does best when the soil is moist and the air is humid and does not do well in completely dry soil. In fact, watering the Hatiora rosea is quite tricky and it does not tolerate both overwatering as well as underwatering.
When watering the Hatiora rosea, you must consider the climate, environment and time of the year. If the plant is kept outdoors and the climate is hot and dry, then you should water the Hatiora rosea once in 2-3 days and place it in the shade.
If grown indoors, and the environment is humid and cool, then watering your Hatiora rosea once a week is sufficient. During the fall and winter months, it is recommended to reduce the watering to stimulate blooming.
Overwatering the plant can cause fungal rot and the leaves will start falling off. To prevent this, yet ensure that the Hatiora rosea plant gets sufficient moisture, mist the plant regularly using a spray bottle or place a tray close to the plant.
When you grow the Hatiora rosea in a pot, it requires soil that drains well and well-aerated soil that lets the root breathe.
Heavy soil that retains plenty of water can cause the roots of the Hatiora rosea to suffocate and prevent it from growing and flowering. It can also cause root rot and eventually cause the plant to die.
The best fertilizer for Hatiora rosea is a blend of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal quantities. A good water-soluble fertilizer with a 20-20-20 mix is the best choice and helps to make the roots and leaves strong.
Fertilize the Hatiora rosea once every 2 to 4 weeks from April to October when the new leaves begin to appear. You can also use coffee grounds or compost to fertilize your Hatiora rosea. But you must add only 1-2 tablespoons and spread it in a very thin layer and then add water to the pot.
When you’re not fertilizing the plant, then mix 1 tsp of Epsom salt with 1 gallon of water and use it to water the plant. This helps the plant to get the magnesium it requires and grow and flower properly. You can stop fertilizing, as well as watering the Hatiora rosea after October when the plant goes into hibernation and this also encourages it to bloom.
Seed cultivation of the Hatiora rosea is quite difficult and needs a lot of patience and effort. The seeds need to be extracted and since the plants cannot fertilize themselves, you will require more than a single plant to extract seeds that will germinate. Also, pollination will require animal help and if this is not available, you will need to do it.
Cultivation of the Hatiora rosea using cuttings is much easier.
The Hatiora rosea is very easy to care for and does quite well in average home conditions. While the plant does quite well in low-light conditions, it flowers only in bright, but indirect light. The perfect temperature for the Hatiora rosea plant is between 60°F and 70°F. Plant the cactus in soil that is well-draining and make sure to apply fertilizer to it, especially in the summer and spring seasons.
Reduce the amount of fertilizer and water during the period when the plant is dormant i.e., during later fall and early winter for around 6 weeks to encourage flowering. The plant needs a lot of humidity and to start flowering, it needs long periods of darkness. The flowers of the Hatiora rosea usually last for a few days, while the flowering period lasts for many weeks.
The Hatiora rosea goes into hibernation usually at the end of the flowering season i.e., in fall or 6-8 weeks before the start of the next flowering season. During this time, the plant requires a cooler environment or around 50°F to 55°F, less light i.e., around 12 to 14 hours of darkness and less humidity.
The most common pest problems for the Hatiora rosea are infestations caused by mealy bugs, aphids, spider mites, brown scale insects and fungus gnats.
Mealybugs are around 1/8th to 1/4th of an inch and look like small white dots. As the mealybugs grow bigger, the cottony, white area spreads on the plant. Mealybug infestation causes distorted or stunted growth of the Hatiora rosea plant.
Aphids and Soft Brown Scale Insects
Commonly light green, aphids are 1/16th to 1/8th inch long, pear-shaped insects that can also be brown, pink, yellow or black. Aphids remove the sap from the plant, causing the leaves to turn yellow or distorted growth. Soft brown scale insects cause the leaves to wilt and prevent the plants from growing properly because they absorb the sap from the leaves.
Aphids and soft brown scale insects can be scraped off or removed by hand from the Hatiora rosea plant at the start of the infestation.
Fungus Gnats and Spider Mites
Typically invisible to the eye, spider mites usually cause infestations in indoor Hatiora rosea plants rather than when they are grown outdoors. The symptom of spider mites is a pale-colored, silken web on the leaves. Fungus gnats consume the fungi that are present in the potting soil. A spider mite or fungus gnat infestation causes the leaves of the plant to look unhealthy and also loss of leaves.
Using insecticidal soap can help to control aphid, mealybug and spider mite infestation. You can also remove the pests by using a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. You can dislodge spider mites, aphids and soft brown scale insects with a spray of water. If the potting soil is infested with fungus gnats, then you must change the soil.
You can use chemical methods such as insecticides containing permethrin, acetamiprid, pyrethrins, cyfluthrin or imidacloprid to control the pests and if the infestation is too heavy, then you may have to discard your Hatiora rosea plant.
How To Propagate Hatiora rosea
Propagating the Hatiora rosea using cuttings is extremely simple. Firstly, from the tip of the stem of the Hatiora rosea plant, take a Y-shaped cutting. To ensure that the cutting is healthy, take one of 2 or 3 joint segments. Allow the cuttings to rest and dry for a few hours. This will prevent root rot due to excess moisture.
Place the cuttings in a pot when they’re dry that has soil that drains well i.e., a mix of cacti and succulent soil. Push the cutting into the soil so that it is around ½-inch deep or just upright. Avoid pushing the cutting too much into the soil as they will rot.
Place the potted cuttings in an area that is well lit but away from direct sunlight. Water the cuttings very sparingly or mist them until they have adjusted to the new environment, which you can see when there is fresh leaf growth at the tips. Typically, the cuttings can take around 3-12 weeks to develop roots.