Euphorbia bupleurifolia 101: Care and Propagation Simplified

Have you ever seen a plant that looks like a pineapple? The Pine Cone Plant (Euphorbia bupleurifolia) is a unique succulent that will add a tropical vibe to your garden or home. With its spiraling green leaves and yellow flowers, this plant is sure to catch everyone’s attention!

euphorbia bupleurifolia

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Euphorbia bupleurifolia Care Guide


The Pine Cone Plant loves to bask in the sun. Outdoors, it needs at least 6 hours of direct sunlight every day. If you live in an area with intense afternoon sun, provide some shade to prevent sunburn. Indoors, place it near a sunny, south-facing window or use grow lights to mimic natural sunlight.

euphorbia bupleurifolia


From spring to fall, the Pine Cone Plant needs water when the top 2 inches of soil are dry. During this active growth period, a weekly watering should do the trick. In winter, when the plant rests, water only if it starts to wilt. This succulent is native to semi-arid, rocky areas, so it can handle occasional drought like a pro! Just don’t let the soil get bone-dry for too long.


Like most succulents, the Pine Cone Plant prefers well-drained soil. Mix regular potting soil with an equal amount of sand and a handful of perlite for excellent drainage. Or, use a commercial cactus/succulent potting mix for a hassle-free option.

euphorbia bupleurifolia


A small dose of liquid fertilizer diluted to half-strength can give your Pine Cone Plant a boost during its growing season (spring to fall). If you notice the bottom leaves turning yellow, it’s a sign that your plant needs a pick-me-up. Skip fertilizing in winter when the plant is dormant.

Temperature and Humidity

This easygoing plant thrives in warm temperatures between 70-80°F (21-27°C) during the day and 55-65°F (13-18°C) at night. It also appreciates moderate humidity around 50% but can tolerate drier indoor conditions.

Pests and Diseases

While generally problem-free, the Pine Cone Plant can sometimes fall victim to a couple of pests. Keep an eye out for spider mites and mealybugs, which can quickly turn into infestations if left unchecked.

Spider mites are tiny spider-like creatures that spin protective silk webbing on the plant. Signs of an infestation include yellowing leaves and fine webbing.

Mealybugs are white, cottony insects that cluster in plant crevices and under leaves. They leave behind a sticky honeydew residue.

To control these pests, isolate the affected plant and treat it with an insecticidal soap or neem oil spray. For severe infestations, you may need to use a stronger insecticide formulated for succulents.

Euphorbia bupleurifolia Propagation

One of the best things about the Pine Cone Plant is how easy it is to propagate and grow more plants. You can multiply your collection in two ways: seeds or stem cuttings.


While slower, propagating from seeds allows you to grow the plant from scratch. Here’s how:

  1. Obtain fresh Pine Cone Plant seeds.
  2. Fill a container with a well-draining mix of 50% commercial seed-starting mix and 50% coarse sand.
  3. Sow the seeds about 1/4 inch deep and gently water the soil.
  4. Cover the container with plastic wrap to maintain humidity.
  5. Place in a warm spot (around 70-80°F / 21-27°C) with bright, indirect light.
  6. Keep the soil lightly moist and be patient – germination can take 2-6 months!
  7. Once seedlings appear, remove the plastic and let them grow in full sun.

Stem Cuttings

The fastest way to get new Pine Cone Plants is from stem cuttings. Follow these simple steps:

  1. Using clean, sharp shears, cut off a 4-6 inch stem from the mother plant. Choose a firm, healthy stem.
  2. Allow the cutting to callus over for 2-3 days before planting. This helps prevent rot.
  3. Fill a well-draining container with cactus/succulent potting mix.
  4. Plant the calloused end of the cutting about 1-2 inches deep in the mix.
  5. Gently water the soil and place in a warm, bright spot out of direct sun.
  6. After roots form in 2-4 weeks, water when the top inch of soil is dry.
  7. Once established, move to a sunnier location and treat like a mature plant.

With a little patience, you’ll have lots of new Pine Cone Plant babies to enjoy! Propagation is super easy and rewarding.