The perennial succulent known as Argyroderma fissum originates from South Africa. It is a distinctive plant that features clumps of bluish-green bi-lobed leaves. It is a miniature succulent growing up to a height of 20 cm or less. The flowers can bloom in colors magenta, yellow or pink.
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Specifically native to the South African region of Knersvlakte, Argyroderma fissum has an appearance similar to Lithops. The succulent features mostly stemless leaves that look like small stones. Solitary showy flowers bloom in winter. These photosensitive flowers come in red, pink or purple colors.
They can be grown in a greenhouse or indoors for their distinct leaves and daisy-like flowers. When cared for properly, the succulent will thrive. It requires minimal maintenance.
In order for Argyroderma fissum to develop well and blossom, it needs exposure to direct sunlight. The growing season of this succulent falls in winter and autumn. The succulent is dormant during the other seasons.
Although it requires full sun during growing months, care must be taken to keep the plant in a partially-shaded spot during the dormant months. It should be shaded from the harshest light of the day.
Argyroderma fissum has light watering needs. You can water it regularly during the cold months. However, keep the watering to a minimum during summer. The soil must not remain moist for an extended time when the days are long and hot. Instead, spray water sparsely a few times.
Too much water may result in root rot. If the leaves absorb excess water, they can swell and burst. The succulent is drought resistant and can handle a dry spell on occasion.
Argyroderma fissum will thrive in potting soil specifically formulated for succulents. It is essential they have dry soil. Moist and clayey soil do not agree with the succulent. The soil must be poor to average with sand, gravel and neutral pH levels.
If growing Argyroderma fissum in a container, fertilize the soil twice a week during its growing phase. If planted in garden soil, it can do without any feeding. A lack of flowers or weak growth are indicators that the succulent needs feeding.
Replenish the soil nutrients with a balanced fertilizer. You can also use a slow-release fertilizer composed for blooms.
Argyroderma fissum succulents thrive in dry climates. They do not prefer humidity, so make sure you do not place the succulent in humid rooms. They love the warmth and grow well across the arid region of the country.
Argyroderma fissum does not require much maintenance. Pests and diseases usually do not affect its growth. However, there can be an occasional issue of mealybugs and aphids. Check for signs of plant damage and treat the infestation as soon as you notice it.
Overwatering the succulent can affect the roots and, as a result, lead to the plant leaves withering and falling off. Yellow leaves are also a sign of excess water intake. The best way to salvage the plant is to move it from the subpar environment to well-draining soil.
In case it gets leggy or if there is any damaged or withered foliage, prune those areas. Besides the occasional trim, the succulent requires minimal pruning.
The hardy succulent does not need repotting. Its roots remain small and do not spread out as much. However, in case the roots get soggy due to overwatering, you may have to move the succulent to a drier container in order to prevent root rot and fungal issues. Overwatering is a big issue for these plants.
You can propagate Argyroderma fissum using seeds and offsets. They are easier to propagate with seeds than from cuttings.
Spread the seeds across a moist soil mix ideal for succulents. Keep the container out of direct sunlight, in a warm place. Allow the seeds to germinate. The process of germination usually begins in about five days and can last up to 60 days.
You can also use offsets or divisions to grow a new plant. Dividing the plant will not only give you new growth but also revive your existing plant. Spring is the best time for division.
Carefully dislodge the succulent from the soil. Make sure there is minimal damage to the roots during the process. Before digging up the plant, moisten the soil. This will permit the roots to dislodge from the soil with ease.
Slice up the succulent at its roots and transfer the newly divided plants to an appropriate container with a gritty soil mix.
If you want to start new growth from the cuttings, you can. However, the process can be a hit-or-a-miss, since getting stem cuttings to root is difficult.
Once the plant establishes itself, it grows fairly fast.