Aloe excelsa: Care and Propagation Guide
Aloe excelsa is a tall-sized succulent originating in South Africa. It can reach a height of up to 20 feet. It only has one stem and doesn’t branch out. The long, narrow leaves are dark green and taper towards the end.
The leaves start curving down as they grow longer. They grow in tightly packed rosettes and the entire body of the stem is covered in the remains of leaves that withered away and died.
Younger plants have a lot of spines on their leaves, but they reduce as the plant matures and only remain on the margins.
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How to Care for Aloe excelsa
The Aloe excelsa grows best in bright sunlight and prefers light shade. In the hotter months, it is best to protect the plant from harsh, direct sunlight and reflected heat. The plant does not do too well when the light is not adequate. This can lead to poor growth of the plant and it may not flower.
The leaves of the Aloe excelsa, which makes this plant unique will turn the distinct red and orange color only when they get the ideal light. However, the leaves may also turn red when the temperature is very cold or the plant does not have sufficient water, which are signs of stress.
The Aloe excelsa needs regular watering during the winter months; however, the watering needs to reduce during the warmer months, when the plant enters dormancy. During the summer season, the plant remains dry and does not require watering.
The plant needs a consistent but occasional watering routine and you must ensure that the soil is soaked properly but only when it has completely dried out. The Aloe excelsa requires good ventilation and just sufficient watering. Poor ventilation and overwatering can cause problems, especially when the weather is very humid, cool or dull.
The Aloe excelsa is a plant that grows mostly in drier climates and is adapted to those conditions. It prefers porous, well-draining soil. You can use an organic cactus mix or sandy soil with large particles to grow the succulent. The plant does not do well in wet or soggy soils.
Applying light fertilizer helps to boost the growth of the Aloe excelsa succulent. The plant must be fertilized during its growing season. Use a fertilizer that is specifically meant for succulents and cacti i.e., a fertilizer that is high in potassium but low level of diluted nitrogen, which includes all the trace elements and micronutrients. The fertilizer must be diluted to half the concentration and should be applied a couple of inches away from the plant’s base.
The Aloe excelsa succulent likes warmth and can grow in minimum winter temperatures of up to 41°F (5°C). However, they cannot withstand freezing temperatures. The plant grows best outdoors in USDA Hardiness zones 9b to 11. The plant grows best when it gets 80% to 100% sunlight. During the winter months, the plant should be protected or brought indoors.
Pests and Diseases
Aloe excelsa are generally healthy plants and are not affected by any diseases. However, overwatering the plants can lead to fungal diseases. The plants may be infested by pests like aphids, snails, slugs and white scale but these can be prevented by maintaining optimal growing conditions.
How To Propagate Aloe excelsa
You can propagate Aloe excelsa using the following methods.
For propagation through pups or offsets, you can go through the following steps.
- Remove the pup from the parent plant by gently tugging it out. Make sure you retain the roots of each pup.
- Keep the pup aside in some shade for a few days so that a callus can form.
- Take a small pot and fill it with some soil mix.
- Plant the offset into the soil and keep the pot in a spot that receives a good amount of sunlight. Water it each time the soil becomes dry.
- Once the pup grows a bit, you can repot it or plant it outdoors.
You can follow these steps for growing the plant from seeds.
- Figure out the requirements of your respective species.
- Sow the seeds in a pot filled with the soil mix.
- Sprinkle some water in the soil and wrap the pot with some plastic.
- Keep the pot in a warm location with indirect sunlight.
- Once you notice the seedlings forming within a month, take the plastic off.